Enlightenment stressed the idea of natural rights and equality for all citizens. The ideas of the enlightenment flowed from Europe to the North American continent and sparked a revolution that made enlightened thought all the more popular back across the Atlantic. The French who had direct contact with the Americans were able to successfully implement Enlightenment ideas into a new political system.
Much like the American document, the French declaration included Enlightenment philosophies, such as equal rights and popular sovereignty. The French people saw that a revolt could be successful — even against a major military power — and lasting change was possible. Many experts argue that this gave them the motivation to rebel. The newly-formed government of the United States also became a model for French reformers.
Already by a million French citizens lay dead; a million more would perish under Napoleon, and untold more abroad. How many millions more still had their lives ruined? Inspiring and ennobling, the prospect of the French Revolution is also moving and appalling: in every sense a tragedy.
It represented an unprecedented effort to break with the past and to forge a new state and new national community based on the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity. After the old government was replaced, differences over the meaning of those principles and the ways they were to be put into practice grew more salient and serious. Thus the revolution continued until a stable state organization was consolidated, in part through the use of military force. Shaped and driven by passionate ideological differences, violence, and war, the revolution bequeathed to the French and to the World a new and enduring political vision : at the heart of progress lay liberation from the past, egalitarianism, and broadly based representative government.
Nobles were able to return to their titles and to much of their land. Although considerable amounts of land changed hands during the Revolution, the structure of landholding remained much the same; the rich got richer, and the small peasants consolidated their hold, thanks to the abolition of feudal dues. Industrial capitalism grew at a snail's pace. In the real of politics, in contrast, almost everything changed.
Thousands of men and even many women gained firsthand experience in the political arena: they talked, read, and listened in new ways; they voted; they joined new organizations; and they marched for their political goals. Revolution became a tradition, and republicanism an enduring option. Afterward, kings could not rule without assemblies, and noble domination of public affairs only provoked more revolution. As a result, France in the nineteenth century had the most bourgeois polity in Europe, even though France was never the leading industrial power.
Lynn Hunt, Politics, Culture, and Class , A Marxist Interpretation: "After ten years of revolutionary changes and vicissitudes, the structure of French society had undergone a momentous transformation. The aristocracy of the Old Regime had been stripped of its privileges and social preponderance; feudal society had been destroyed. By wiping out every vestige of feudalism, by freeing the peasants from seigneurial dues and ecclesiastical tithes--and also to some degree from the constraints imposed by their communities--by abolishing privileged corporations and their monopolies, and by unifying the national market, the French Revolution marked a decisive stage in the transition from feudalism to capitalism.
Albert Soboul, The French Revolution , Further issues : Was the Revolution a failure? For whom? Far from this, america supports freedom. This means freedom of Christians and non christian religions. But religions of any kind is certainly and obviously not a part of the american government. America is secular and not religious or christian as society was in the colonial era, or in the medieval eras. I just do not see the state and the church in harmony, but I do see the state as guiding the church to conform to the states version of harmony.
Your presence on my Hub is an honor. I appreciate your discerning insights and thoughtful remarks. I notice on your profile page that you "also like many other modern topics such as science or politics.
I usually like connecting them all with religion and philosophy. This describes me as well. Perhaps we are kindred spirits in at least some ways. It is a pleasure to make your acquaintance and I look forward to reading your writings, which I shall attend to soon. Secondly, I am not certain of the extent of involvement by the Illuminati. Normally I am very skeptical of such a thing but in reading some evidence that was new to me recently my opinion was swayed to the side of believing they might have had something to do with it.
Writing a french revolution essay requires the student to discuss the goals of the revolution and determine whether the it was successful. it may. Free Essay: The French Revolution was a time of great social, political and economic tumult in the closing years of the Eighteenth Century. The motivators.
As for your third point, you are surely correct in regard to the French Revolution but not the American Version, which was almost the opposite, though Liberal historians like to lump them together. This is the crucial difference in the American Founding Documents as opposed to the French versions, which are truly secular.
It is true that our Founders wisely did not want clergymen ruling over the country but they surely saw the State and the Church as pulling together in harmony toward the same goals. This is a very interesting article. It is long, but I read it all, It is also a pleasure to now comment. You are obviously informed, and knowledgeable on this subject. You also show clear signs of having a christian perspective. If this interpretation of your ideas is true, I disagree.
The french revolution can be likened much more to a totalitarian secular government. However, it is true that both communism and the french revolution openly promoted athiesm. I am very skeptical of this. Even though I am not very informed on this periode of history, I suspect the prolitariat, or common men of the lowest classes where at the root of the revolution. These elites probably just used the pheasant revolters as a tool to promote their own agendas as well. The only difference, USA gave freedom of religion; while France did not tolerate any religion, whether christian or non-christian.
I only mentioned a few stark contrasts between America's and Franc's in one of mine. Not nearly as in depth as this piece. Onusonus— Thank you, kind sir!
I do not recall you writing about the French Revolution but I've just now made myself a note to come over and read it. I appreciate your kind words. Excellent article James! Any time I go to write an article I must remember to see if you haven't already written a better one on the same subject. Thank you ever much for the 'voted up and across. That is high praise indeed. Vladimir Uhri— What a great pleasure it is to hear from you, Brother. I am well pleased that you like my review very much. That makes my day. As you said so well:.
In Germany they became not welcome so they hid in the Masonic Lodges. They were welcome in France. They are crib of communism.
There goal is: 1. Distribution of wealth, 2. Eliminating states One World Government 3.
Eliminating religion 4. Eliminating family 5. Using women to their purpose. James, truly a class "A" article as always. I enjoy reading and share your passion of history. Very detailed article that is very professional all the way through.